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Hammer Horror Sixties Films
   

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Hammer Films 1960

Hammer Films 1961

Hammer Films 1962

Hammer Films 1963

Hammer Films 1964

Hammer Films 1965


Hammer Films 1966


Hammer Films 1967


Hammer Films 1968

Hammer Films 1969

One Million Years B.C.
Hammer Film Studios and Productions: A Short History 1935 - 1970

Enrique Carreras, a Spaniard, bought his first cinema in London's Hammersmith in 1913. By 1934 he had expanded it into a chain and was looking for a way to gain further involvement in the industry. William Hinds was the owner of a group of jewellery shops and also appeared in amateur variety shows under the stage name of Will Hammer. He had formed Hammer Productions in November 1934 and the two businessmen went into partnership

They formed a separate film distribution company called Exclusive Films Ltd in 1935 although the two companies were considerably intertwined in the industry. Enrique's son James joined the company at about this time and was followed by grandson Michael about eight years later. William Hinds' son Anthony was also destined to be a major figure in the success of the company. Hammer Productions made four films* in the next three years,
'The Public Life Of Henry the Ninth' (1935), 'The Mystery of The Marie Celeste' (aka 'Phantom Ship') (1936), 'The Song of Freedom' (1936) and 'Sporting Love' (1937) after which little was heard and by 1939 it was no longer considered to be an active British film production company.

Hammer: Song of Freedom           Hammer: Phantom Ship          Hammer: Mystery of the Mariy Celeste          Hammer: Sporting Love           Hammer: The Public Life of Henry the Ninth           Hammer: The Quatermass Xperiment

Exclusive continued to distribute films and, because of the tie-in between the two companies, many films around this era are incorrectly believed to be Hammer films. With a growing demand for British-produced supporting movies after the war, Hammer was re-formed in 1947 as a production subsidiary of Exclusive, finally being registered as a separate company, Hammer Film Productions Limited, in February 1949. The directors were William Hinds, Enrique Carreras, James Carreras and Anthony Hinds. The first production from the regenerated company was 'River Patrol' in 1948 which was followed by a succession of well-received 'Dick Barton - Special Agent' films. By starting co-producing with the American company Robert Lippert Productions in 1951 they gained a valuable toe-hold in the lucrative U.S. market and began making films which starred American artists. Their first colour film was 'Men of Sherwood Forest' in 1954.

Lippert was swallowed up by 20th Century Fox in 1955, the same year seeing Hammer's first really successful production which was 'The Quatermass Xperiment' , re-titled 'The Creeping Unknown' for the U.S. market, and the decision was made to build on the success of this genre of film by remaking the old 'Dracula' and 'Frankenstein' movies. 'The Curse of Frankenstein' was the first, in 1956, followed the year after by 'Dracula', both of which were to spawn a whole series of money-making sequels and give the company the reputation which it holds today as the premiere horror-film producers.

The move towards American distributors meant the gradual winding-down of Exclusive which was eventually liquidated in 1968. Michael Carreras left to form his own company in 1961 called Capricorn Films but continued to produce films for Hammer, which now included thrillers, comedies, historical ( and pre-historical! ) films and a succession of highly successful television series and movie spin-offs, on a 'freelance' basis. During the Sixties Hammer started to work with major American distributors like 20th Century Fox, Columbia Pictures and Warner Brothers and, by the end of the decade, were fast approaching their period of maximum production. The company received the Queen's Award for Industry in 1968 after having brought £4.5 million in U.S. dollars into the U.K. in the preceding three years. Michael Carreras rejoined the now booming company in 1971.


     The Sixties Films of Hammer
eeHammer Horror - The Sixties
*(n.b. Hammerfilms.com lists additional productions in its 'official' list)

1960

The Stranglers Of Bombay
Hell Is A City
The Curse Of The Werewolf
The Brides Of Dracula
Never Take Sweets From A Stranger
The Two Faces Of Dr Jekyll (USA: House Of Fright)
Sword Of Sherwood Forest




1961

Visa To Canton
(USA: Passport To China)
The Full Treatment
(USA: Stop Me Before I Kill)
A Weekend With Lulu
Taste Of Fear
(USA: Scream Of Fear)
Watch It Sailor!
The Terror Of The Tongs

1962

The Phantom Of The Opera
Captain Clegg
(USA: Night Creatures)
The Pirates Of Blood River

1963

Maniac
The Damned
(USA: These Are The Damned)
The Scarlet Blade
(USA: The Crimson Blade)
Cash On Demand
Paranoiac

1964

Kiss Of The Vampire
The Evil Of Frankenstein
Nightmare
The Devil-Ship Pirates
The Gorgon
The Curse Of The Mummy's Tomb

1965

Fanatic
(USA: Die! Die! My Darling!)
She
The Secret Of Blood Island
Hysteria
The Brigand Of Kandahar
The Nanny

1966

Dracula - Prince Of Darkness
The Plague Of The Zombies
Rasputin - The Mad Monk
The Reptile
The Old Dark House
The Witches
(USA: The Devil's Own)
One Million Years B.C.

1967

The Viking Queen
Frankenstein Created Woman
The Mummy's Shroud
Quatermass And The Pit
(USA: Five Million Years To Earth)
A Challenge For Robin Hood

1968

The Anniversary
The Vengeance Of She
The Devil Rides Out
(USA: The Devil's Bride)
Slave Girls
(USA: Prehistoric Women)
Dracula Has Risen From The Grave
The Lost Continent

1969

Frankenstein Must Be Destroyed
Moon Zero Two

Also See: Bill Harry's Sixties pages on:      The Films of Roger Corman       Ingrid Pitt       Barbara Steele       Hammer Horror




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